What is the Indian National Action Plan for Business and Human Rights?

The NAP is a political document by which a government articulates its action to fulfill its commitment to implement the UNGP.


India has officially announced that it will develop a National Action Plan (NAP) on business and human rights at the Business and Human Rights Forum in Geneva in November 2018. In December 2018, the Govt. launched the process of developing a NAP on business and human rights by publishing a zero draft – with a commitment to publish the final NAP in 2020.

Developing a NAP on business and human rights is part of the State’s responsibility to implement the UNGPs. The zero draft is primarily a list of relevant existing legislation and policies categorized under the three pillars outlined in the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights (UNGPs): protect, respect and remedy.

The NAP is a political document by which a government articulates its action to fulfill its commitment to implement the UNGP. The COVID-19 pandemic has emerged as a litmus test for the concept of stakeholder capitalism. A NAP becomes more relevant in the wake of COVID-19 as the pandemic has exposed several systemic vulnerabilities in business operations.

Informal migrant workers in India are the most affected, abruptly laid off without food, shelter and social protection – overnight. The International Labor Organization (ILO) estimates that 400 million Indian workers are at risk of falling further into poverty.

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(CSR India)

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